Georges Omar Ruggiu Transferred to ItalySecondo Trial Watch, Ruggiu (nato in belgio da un padre italiano che faceva il pompiere) è stato processato con due capi d'accusa:
Georges Omar Ruggiu the only non-Rwandese convicted and sentenced by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) was today surrendered to a high level delegation of the International Police Cooperation Service of the Italian Ministry of Interior. Mr. Ruggiu was thereafter transferred by a special Italian Air Force flight to Italy where he is to serve the remainder of his sentence.
The transfer follows an agreement on enforcement of sentences signed between the Government of Italy and the United Nations on 17 March 2004 and the recent decision of the fourth Criminal Section of the Appeals Court of Rome recognizing the ICTR sentence and authorizing its enforcement in Italy.
Mr. Ruggiu, born on 12 October 1957 in Verviers province of Liege, Belgium worked with RTLM from 6 January 1994 to 14 July 1994, at the time of genocide in Rwanda. He was arrested during the ICTR Prosecutor’s operation codenamed NAKI (Nairobi-Kenya) on 23 July 1997 in Mombasa, Kenya, by the Kenyan authorities. He was immediately transferred to the Tribunal’s detention facility in Arusha, Tanzania.
Following his guilty plea to two counts charging him with direct and public incitement to commit genocide and crimes against humanity, Mr. Ruggiu, a former journalist and broadcaster with Radio Television Libre des Mille Collines (RTLM) was sentenced on 1 June 2000 to 12 years in prison by the Trial Chamber I then composed of Judges Navanethem Pillay, presiding, Erik Møse and Pavel Dolenc.
Mr. Ruggiu was the eighth accused person to be convicted by the Tribunal and the third to plead guilty to charges of genocide and crimes against humanity committed in Rwanda in 1994.
a) direct and public incitement to commit genocide (Art. 2 § 3 lit. c ICTR Statute)Tra gravanti e attenuanti, Ruggiu ha ricevuto una condanna forse più mite del previsto per aver aiutato alcune vittime. Ruggiu si era dichiarato colpevole (potrebbe averlo fatto, suggerisce questo articolo apparso nel 2000 sull'Independent, per evitare che il tribunale acquisisse e facesse ascoltare in pubblico le registrazioni delle sue trasmissioni). In seguito aveva deciso di non fare appello alla sentenza.
b) crimes against humanity (persecution) (Art. 3 lit. h ICTR Statute)
a) Aggravating circumstances: the particularly serious nature of the infractions, the central role played by the Accused, due to his capacity as producer at the RTLM, in the unfolding of the massacres in Rwanda.Sulla pagina di Radio Netherland dedicata a "Radio Odio" trovate un breve spezzone audio dalle trasmissioni di Milles Collines.
b) Mitigating circumstances: the fact that he pleaded guilty, his cooperation throughout the proceedings, the absence of any criminal record, his easy to influence character, his regrets and remorse, the fact that he had played a hand in saving a few Tutsi children, the fact that he neither belonged to the Rwandan ruling elite nor to the decision making body of the RTLM, and finally the fact that he had not participated directly in the massacres.